- Drive. Leaders exhibit a higher effort level. They have a relatively high desire for achievement, they are ambitious, they have a lot of energy, they are tirelessly persistent in their activities and they show initiative
- Desire to lead. Leaders have a strong desire to influence and lead others. They demonstrate the willingness to take responsibility
- Honesty and integrity. Leaders build trusting relationship between themselves and followers by being truthful or nondeceitful and by showing high consistency between word and deed.
- Self confidence. Followers look to leaders for an absence of self-doubt. Leaders, therefore, need to show self-confidence in order to convince followers of rightness of goals and decisions.
- Intelligence. Leaders need to be intelligence enough to gather, synthesize and interpret large amounts of information and to be able to create visions, solve problems and make correct decisions
- Job-relevant knowledge. Effective leaders have high degree of knowledge about the company, industry and technical matters. In-depth knowledge allows leaders to make well-informed decisions and to understand the implications of those decisions.
Not all leaders are manager nor are all managers leaders